Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse

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Séminaire Mathématiques pour la biologie

par Fanny Delebecque, Pierre Neuvial - publié le , mis à jour le

Organisateurs Fanny Delebecque et Pierre Neuvial
Horaire habituel Jeudi 14h30
Lieu habituel Salle de conférence MIP, (bâtiment 1R3, 1er étage)

  • Jeudi 31 mai 13:30-14:30 - Clément Sire - LPT, IRSAMC

    (Measuring) Social Interactions and (Studying) Collective States in Fish Schools

    Résumé : The flexible coordination of individuals’ movements ensures rapid and coherent changes in direction of travel of fish schools for instance as a reaction to a predator detected in the neighborhood. However the ’microscopic level’ interaction rules involved in the coordination of fish movements and the adapted collective response of a school still remain to a large extent unknown. Knowing such interaction rules could offer new sources of inspiration to design distributed control algorithms for swarms of drones. Here we present a systematic methodology to measure and analyze social interactions controlling the collective motion of animal groups. Contrary to classical forces between physical objects, social interactions between individuals explicitly depend on their relative headings and are affected by their anisotropic and asymmetric perception of their environment. Hence they strongly break the Newtonian’s law of action-reaction. When applied to fish groups, this approach leads to the quantitative measurement of the spontaneous behavior of a fish, of its avoidance interaction with the tank walls, and of its attraction and alignment interaction with another fish. We use the results of this analysis to build an explicit and faithful model that convincingly reproduces quantitative and qualitative features of the actual fish dynamics. We also show that the type of models derived from such analysis reproduces the main collective states observed in actual fish schools, when one varies the intensity of the alignment and attraction interactions between fish.

  • Jeudi 14 juin 13:30-14:30 - Philippe Saint-Pierre - IMT


    Lieu : salle 106 1er étage bat 1R1

    Notes de dernières minutes : Attention, changement de salle : salle 106 1er étage bat 1R1

  • Jeudi 28 juin 14:30-15:30 -